When transplanting outdoors, seedlings should have at least three pairs of leaves and be spaced about a foot apart in garden beds. I'm growing Basil indoors hydroponically. I like to regularly propagate my Basil plants, to maintain a steady supply of fresh basil all year round. Most of my plants look fine (other than them tipping over because I used too small net cups and/or didn't pin them in), but some of the stems appear to be cracking and turning brown (picture below). There are methods, however, of keeping the leaves fresh once the stems have been picked. For a hardy plant that grows all over the world, it is surprising how sensitive Basil can be. Indoor Basil grown in the Northern hemisphere should ideally be on a south-facing windowsill, while outdoor Basil should be planted in full sun. Many people just nip the flowers, but this tends to stimulate more flowers rather than vegetative growth. This does nothing for the plant. In the wild Basil grows into a small shrub-like plant with the lower branches having a woody texture. Mint is an outstanding aromatic, perennial herb under the genus Mentha of the family Lamiaceae. You can treat damping-off with fungicide, but fusarium and verticillium wilt are unfortunately lethal for the plant and cannot be treated (source). Leaves, especially lower leaves, become discoloured, often yellowing before browning, then falling off. You might also observe leaves turning yellow or dark brown, and this could be dangerous. Leaves turn brown or gray, starting with the yellowing of the top leaf on the plant. ? I’ve written a step by step guide to propagating Basil plants that you may find useful. Why Is The Stem Of My Basil Plant Turning Brown? Brown leaves on Basil is usually a sign of a problem with the plant’s health and should be addressed as soon as possible. And if you protect your plant from wilting, then automatically you can protect your basil leaves from turning brown. Basil likes sun and requires six to eight hours of either full or partial sunlight daily. Sweet basil is most susceptible to fusarium wilt, which causes stunted plants, wilted yellow leaves, twisted stems, brown spots and streaks on the stems, and the leaves to drop. If you need more help getting your Basil plant back to perfect health, I’ve written another article about how to fix the most common Basil plant problems. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? The fungi survive for 10 years or more in soil. Chrysanthemum flowers and buds turning brown and dying, leaves wilting and getting brown spots. Why Is My Asparagus Fern Turning Yellow? I found myself struggling as what is now a black color leaves a few days earlier was a yellow one. Brown leaves on Basil is usually a sign of a problem with the plantâs health and should be addressed as soon as possible. Too much water is a common mistake made by owners of Basil plants. These fungal diseases that will result in Basil leaves turning brown. Blight is the all-purpose name for a number of fungi in the soil that affects plants in this way. Seeing brown spots on basil leaves might seem like a monkey wrench has been thrown into your Italian gardening plants. In this article, we’ll consider the best way to plant and maintain Basil. It will also result in a plant with long stems and fewer leaves (source). The basil itself if still growing strong and it doesn't seem to be effecting the plant massively. Is there anything else I can do? There is no need to loosen the roots excessively, as this will often do more harm than good. 3. leggy basil with small leaves. Its Latin name is Ocimum Basilicum – Ocimum originates from the Greek word okimon, meaning “smell,” and Basillicum is the Latin form of a Greek word for a “kingly ointment” or “kingly herb.” There are 35 different Basil species and numerous cultivated varieties (source). The stems do go brown from the bottom up as the plant matures and the tissue hardens, but it's hard to say if this is all that's happening there. smartgardenguide.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and other Amazon stores worldwide. 3.Underwatering. If the roots have entirely rotted, then the plant cannot be salvaged. Signs of becoming rootbound include roots growing extensively out of the drainage holes, or the soil drying out very rapidly after being watered. Basil reacts badly to overhandling. 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